3G is a mobile telecommunication standard which allows simultaneous use of speech and data service at higher data transfer rates (at least 200 kbits/second). The current transfer rate ranges up to 14.0 Mbits/second (download) and 5.8 Mbit/second (upload). 3G+ technologies include WCDMA, HSPA, TD-SCDMA, 1xEV-DO, LTE and WiMax.
The higher data transfer makes for interesting usage of mobile devices such as video calls, wireless internet/wireless broadband, video-on-demand, mobile television, high speed mobile web, instant messaging, social networking, maps and much more.
India has been preparing for 3G for a while and as we discuss the 3G Auctions are underway. Government is hoping to raise around 30,000 to 40,000 crores through this 3G auction and BWA (Broadband wireless access) auction.
The success of 3G depends on various factors. Important factors are pricing (how much does it cost to get the licence for 3G?), affordability (how is it priced for the customers? Will it be highly priced that only few can afford?), Services (what services are offered through 3G? Will there be enough applications for 3G?).
3G licences are currently auctioned for 22 circles. 9 Telecom companies bidding for 3G are Aircel, Airtel, Etisalat DB, Idea Cellular, Reliance Telecom, S Tel Private, Tata Teleservices, Videocon Telecommunications and Vodafone Essar.
11 Telecom companies bidding for Broadband Wireless access (BWA) are Aircel, Augere (Mauritius), Airtel, Idea, Infotel Broadband Services, Qualcomm, Reliance WiMax, Spice Internet Services, Tata Communications, Tikona digital networks and Vodafone Essar.